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Center for Development Data (C4D2)

The Center for Development Data (C4D2) is a Rome-based hub for fostering methodological innovation and strengthening capacity in household surveys in low- and middle-income countries. It is coordinated by the Living Standards Measurement Study (LSMS) team in the World Bank’s Development Data Group (DECDG).

The Center’s mission is to facilitate the production of high-quality, timely, relevant microdata for evidence-based policymaking and investment decisions to achieve poverty reduction, food security, and growth. Building on DECDG’s reputation and technical expertise, the Center achieves its mission through strategic partnerships and tactical fundraising, facilitated by geographic proximity to its clients and development partners. The Center spearheads a rigorous program of methodological research to increase the accuracy and cost effectiveness of household and other types of survey data for sustainable development.

The Center’s strategic location in the Mediterranean facilitates its work with countries in Africa and the Middle East and cements stronger partnerships with Italian and European institutions, including the United Nations’ Rome-based agencies on food, agriculture, and rural development, namely the Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), and the World Food Programme (WFP). C4D2’s presence in Rome uniquely positions it to support countries and regions affected by fragility, conflict, and violence—many of which border the Mediterranean, Sub-Saharan Africa, and the Middle East/North Africa region.

Pushing the Methodological Frontier

To improve quality, timeliness, and cost-effectiveness of household survey data, C4D2 houses a substantial program of applied research on survey methodology, largely based on randomized survey experiments. C4D2 conducts its research in partnership with national, international, and academic institutions. In addition to publishing this work in scientific journals, C4D2 measures its success by the extent to which its results are adopted and scaled up. To that end, research results are consolidated in detailed methodological guidebooks for survey practitioners on the use of validated, improved survey methodologies.

Implementing a New Model for Capacity Development in Household Surveys

Household surveys are one of the primary sources of socioeconomic data used by decision makers in low- and middle-income countries to monitor national development plans. But statisticians in developing countries have limited access to specialized training in the collection, analysis, and use of household surveys and other microdata.

The Center for Development Data is working to fill this gap via the C4D2–Training initiative, which aims to improve and harmonize the curricula of regional statistical training centers, facilitate the uptake of global standards and best practices in household survey design, create a network of household survey experts at the regional level, and promote harmonization across countries.
One of the first initiatives of its kind, C4D2–Training is the result of a collaboration among the World Bank, Italian partners (Bank of Italy, the Agency for Development Cooperation, the National Institute of Statistics, and the National Institute of Health), and African institutions (the African Center for Statistics of the UN Economic Commission for Africa, the Eastern Africa Statistical Training Center in Dar es Salaam, and the École Nationale Supérieure de Statistique et d’Économie Appliquée in Abidjan).

Training Week, Workshops, and Short Courses

C4D2–Training consists of several components. A key element is a series of week-long training courses on household surveys, held in Italy for select staff from the regional training centers, as well as from national statistical offices and central banks in client countries. These Training-of-Trainers courses focus on teaching best practices and tools in the design, collection, analysis, and dissemination of household surveys for policy, with an initial thematic focus on poverty and welfare analysis. The courses are led by staff from the World Bank, its Italian partners, and other international experts in household surveys, who develop and test training materials that will then be taught at the regional training centers, and also at the country level.

In addition to the training courses, C4D2–Training organizes thematic workshops on specialized topics, as well as short courses and seminars held at regional statistical training facilities to maximize outreach and impact.

C4D2 Training

C4D2 Training

Measuring Income and Wealth Through Household Surveys

The Center for Development Data (C4D2) conducted its third training on Measuring Income and Wealth Through Household Surveys for Welfare Monitoring , from December 10 to 14, 2018. Participants included staff from the Eastern Africa Statistical Training Center, the École Nationale Supérieure de... Read more
C4D2 Training

Survey Solutions and Geo-Referencing

The Center for Development Data (C4D2) conducted its second training on Survey Solutions and Geo-Referencing , from May 28 to June 1, 2018. Participants included staff from the Eastern Africa Statistical Training Center (Dar es Salaam), the École Nationale Supérieure De Statistique Et D'économie... Read more
C4D2 Training

Designing Household Surveys to Measure Poverty

The Center for Development Data (C4D2) conducted its first training on Designing Household Surveys to Measure Poverty , from November 27 to December 1, 2017. Participants included lecturers from regional statistics training institutions from Africa, namely the Eastern African Statistical Training... Read more

Publications

LSMS Guidebook

Measuring Household Expenditure on Education

This Guidebook is intended to be a reference for survey practitioners seeking guidance on designing and implementing household surveys that include measurement of education expenditure. Household...

News

Shelter from the Storm? Household-Level Impacts of, and Responses to, the 2015 Floods in Malawi

In January 2015, severe flooding in Malawi affected over a million families, displacing 230,000 and killing over 100 people. A team of researchers from the World Bank and LEAD Analytics, Inc., in collaboration with the National Statistical Office (NSO), subsequently leveraged the existing longitudinal household survey infrastructure in Malawi to study the micro-level impacts of exposure to flooding on agricultural and food consumption outcomes.Read More

Measuring Violent Conflict in Household Surveys - SSA

The Fragility, Conflict, and Violence Cross Cutting Solutions Area (FCV CCSA) and the Development Data Group Survey Unit (DECSU) held the third of three planned workshops on “Measuring Violent Conflict in Household Surveys” in Perugia, Italy on 26-30 November 2018.Read More

New Cross-Country Research Reveals (Persisting) Gender Differences in Off-Farm Employment Outcomes in Africa

The ability of people to enter jobs outside their own farm-household is extremely important for economic development and poverty reduction. In Sub-Saharan Africa, households derive a significant share of their total household income from off-farm employment. This stylized fact has been demonstrated for years, and many development programs focus on creating off-farm jobs. However, not all jobs are equally beneficial. Women are disadvantaged in accessing off-farm employment, and especially in accessing decent working conditions.Read More