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Ethiopia

NEW - The data from the 2011-2012 Ethiopia Rural Socioeconomic Survey, the 2013-2014 Ethiopia Socioeconomic Survey and the 2015-2016 Ethiopia Socioeconomic Survey are now available for downloading free of charge.

Overview

The LSMS-ISA project is supporting the design and implementation of the Ethiopia Socioeconomic Survey (ERSS) with a focus on the demand for data on household welfare and income-generating activities in Ethiopia, and ensuring comparability with other surveys being carried out under the LSMS-ISA project in Sub-Saharan Africa. The ESS is implemented every two years: the households in the survey were visited in 2011/2012, re-visited in 2013/2014, and then re-visited again in 2015/2016.

Management

The panel survey is implemented by the Central Statistical Agency of Ethiopia (CSA), and is integrated with the annual Agricultural Sample Survey (AgSS). The LSMS team is responsible for the management and technical design of the project, as well as for the provision of technical assistance and the support of analytical work resulting from the collected data.

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Design

Sampling and Survey Design

The sample for the ERSS (Wave 1) comprises 4,000 households in rural and small towns areas across Ethiopia. The sample for ESS (Wave 2) was expanded to include 1,500 urban households, for a total sample of 5,500 households.

The ERSS/ESS sample is a two-stage probability sample. The first stage of sampling entailed selecting enumeration areas (ie. the primary sampling units) using simple random sampling (SRS) from the sample of the AgSS enumeration areas (EAs). The AgSS EAs were selected based on probability proportional to size of population (PPS). For the rural sample, 290 EAs were selected from the AgSS EAs. For small town EAs, a total of 43 EAs were selected by PPS. Similarly, for the newly added urban areas, a total of 100 EAs were selected (PPS).

The Wave 1 data is representative at the regional level for the most populous regions: Amhara, Oromiya, SNNP, and Tigray. In Wave 2, in order to correspond with the existing Wave 1 design while ensuring that all urban areas are included, the population frame was stratified to be able to provide population inferences for the same five domains as in Wave 1 plus an additional domain for the city state of Addis Ababa. The sample size, in both waves, is insufficient to support region-specific estimates for each of the small regions including Afar, Benshangul Gumuz, Dire Dawa, Gambella, Harari, and Somalie regions.

Questionnaire Design

The ERSS Wave 1 instruments include the following:

The ESS Wave 2 instruments include the following:

The ESS Wave 3 instruments include the following:

Implementation

Field Work Implementation

Wave 1, from September 2011 to March 2012, surveyed a subset of Agricultural Sample Survey (AgSS) households as well as new non-farm households, with a computer-assisted interview application on ultra-mobile personal computers. As with the regular AgSS, the data collection is over a period of about 5-9 months depending on the area of the country and the seasons (from post-planting in the long rainy season to the start of the short rainy season). The AgSS is carried out through multiple visits to the households by the resident enumerators. The final visit for the ERSS was done after the crops were harvested in order to get production data.

Fieldwork for Wave 2 began in September 2013 and finished in April 2014.

Fieldwork for Wave 3 began in September 2015 and finished in April 2016.

Dissemination

Data Documentation and Dissemination

All data generated are made publicly available (fully cleaned and with complete documentation) within twelve months of completion of each wave of data collection. The ESS data is disseminated via the Microdata Catalog and the CSA websites.

Datasets

Ethiopia Socioeconomic Survey (ESS) Year 1: 2011-2012 / Year 2: 2013-2014 / Year 3: 2015-2016

Sample Size: Year 1: 3,969
Year 2: 5,262
Year 3: 4,954
Coverage: Year 1: All rural and small-town areas
Year 2: National
Year 3: National
Domains: Year 1: Amhara, Oromiya, SNNP, Tigray, and Other Regions
Year 2: Addis Ababa, Amhara, Oromiya, SNNP, Tigray, and Other Regions
Year 3: Addis Ababa, Amhara, Oromiya, SNNP, Tigray, and Other Regions
Collection Dates: Year 1: September - October 2011; November - December 2011; January to March 2012
Year 2: September - October 2013; November - December 2013; February - April 2014
Year 3: September - October 2015; November - December 2015; February - April 2016
Panel: Yes
Executing Agency: Central Statistical Agency
Access Policy: Year 1: Available for free download

Year 2: Available for free download

Year 3: Available for free download

Other LSMS surveys for this country: None
Comments: This survey was done as part of the Living Standards Measurement Study - Integrated Surveys on Agriculture (LSMS-ISA) project.

2011-2012 ERSS Documentation

Basic Information Document

The Basic Information Document describes the design of the Ethiopia Rural Socioeconomic Survey (ERSS) and its coverage for potential users. It provides detailed information on the methodology used to implement the survey.

Questionnaires

The questionnaires are essential tools for using the ERSS data. In addition to the questions, the questionnaires also contain codes and skip patterns.

Interviewer Manual

The Interviewer Manual starts with a description of the scope and the objectives of the survey but concentrates on the execution of the study itself: the responsibilities of the survey team members, the time frame of the assigned tasks, interviewing techniques, basic concepts and definitions, objectives of each section and who to interview for each section, how to obtain the required information, and how to fill out the questionnaire.

Crop Cutting Manual

The crop cutting manual discusses the survey protocols that are followed during the crop cutting process. It provides information on the key procedures, including field selection, crop cutting area identification and demarcation, crop cutting, and documentation of the results.

ERSS Survey Report

The ERSS Survey Report provides information on the major findings of the survey.

ERSS Consumption Aggregate

A description of how the consumption aggregate was calculated for the 2011-12 surveys.

2013-2014 ESS Documentation

Basic Information Document

The Basic Information Document describes the design of the Ethiopia Socioeconomic Survey (ESS) and its coverage for potential users. It provides detailed information on the methodology used to implement the survey.

Questionnaires

The questionnaires are essential tools for using the ESS data. In addition to the questions, the questionnaires also contain codes and skip patterns.

Interviewer Manual

The Interviewer Manual starts with a description of the scope and the objectives of the survey but concentrates on the execution of the study itself: the responsibilities of the survey team members, the time frame of the assigned tasks, interviewing techniques, basic concepts and definitions, objectives of each section and who to interview for each section, how to obtain the required information, and how to fill out the questionnaire.

Crop Cutting Manual

The crop cutting manual discusses the survey protocols that are followed during the crop cutting process. It provides information on the key procedures, including field selection, crop cutting area identification and demarcation, crop cutting, and documentation of the results.

ESS Survey Report

The ESS Survey Report provides information on the major findings of the survey.

ESS Consumption Aggregate

A description of how the consumption aggregate was calculated for the 2013-14 survey.

ESS Press Release

The press release, dated March 25th, 2015, announces the launch of the ESS data.

2015-2016 ESS Documentation

Basic Information Document

The Basic Information Document describes the design of the Ethiopia Socioeconomic Survey (ESS) and its coverage for potential users. It provides detailed information on the methodology used to implement the survey.

Questionnaires

The questionnaires are essential tools for using the ESS data. In addition to the questions, the questionnaires also contain codes and skip patterns.

Interviewer Manual

The Interviewer Manual starts with a description of the scope and the objectives of the survey but concentrates on the execution of the study itself: the responsibilities of the survey team members, the time frame of the assigned tasks, interviewing techniques, basic concepts and definitions, objectives of each section and who to interview for each section, how to obtain the required information, and how to fill out the questionnaire.

ESS Survey Report

The ESS Survey Report provides information on the major findings of the survey.

ESS Consumption Aggregate

A description of how the consumption aggregate was calculated for the 2015-16 survey.